a feeling

We try to understand communication between smugglers, what makes them likely to interact, and how smuggling operations are structured,” says Campana. But Facebook is just one method used by smugglers to communicate, he adds, which will inevitably be replaced by other means.

Some policies to halt the trade have focused on the wrong part of the journey, says Campana. And naval rescue operations in the Mediterranean, although humanitarian, have backfired tragically. “They have the unintended consequence of assisting the smugglers by taking the refugees off their hands very close to the Libyan coast – making the ‘product’ [the trip] a more attractive option, and ultimately, increasing the number of journeys,” says Campana. It’s the exponential demand from people desperate to migrate which should be targeted, but this,he says. He has travelled to Greece and Sicily to speak to people in refugee camps face-to-face shortly after they’ve disembarked. He has also collaborated with fellow Cambridge academic Prof Loraine Gelsthorpe to speak to migrants in the UK about their experiences at the hands of people smugglers. “Even though I deal with quantitative analysis, I think it’s crucial to speak in person to people to get of what we are studying,” he says .

Such a complex field of study requires a wide range of skills, says Campana. He’s a social scientist who’s been studying criminal networks and organised crime for a decade. People skills, languages, and a legal background can be useful too. “Data is tremendously important, but needs to be analysed and interpreted correctly. That’s why it is important to have a holistic approach, and supplement hard data with deeper investigations.”

Criminology and sociology master’s often cover organised crime and people smuggling, or there are specialist courses in human trafficking, human rights and slavery studies.


muse and cicadas

Long, long ago, has not yet born in MiaoSi goddess, cicada as humans. MiaoSi goddess is nine sisters, they manage the sky all the good things. Some tube drawing, some music, some love, some GuanZheXue, some tube dance. One MiaoSi goddess, made a wonderful song. Cicada is very like this song, to sing every day, like her fans sang, even rice will not eat, don't want to sleep. At last, singing the whole people drifted off, even his own life also abandoned.

MiaoSi death for die for music cicada, the in the mind is very touched. In order to reward cicada interest in music at the same time, the cicada can become a kind of life from the dead insects. Since then, cicada goddess became MiaoSi faithful envoy. They don't know what is called a hungry, also don't know what is tired. They are born of singing in the tree, sing until death.

Then, after they died, where MiaoSi goddess report everything in the world. Among them the report about the dance, you can get special tube dance at west Chloe goddess of love. Report about love, love can be pulled off the goddess of love. Report about philosophy, can get the oldest MiaoSi goddess kali the goddess of love. The report about the music, ho can get ni, the goddess of love.